Speed Rail

High-speed-trainsSemi-High Speed Projects

While India has one of the largest rail networks in the world, as of 2014 it does not have any kilometers classed as high-speed rail (HSR), which allowing an operational speed of 200 km/h or more. Compared to China, which has a 7% more population, has 19,369 km in operation and 17,078 km under construction. The current fastest train in India is the Bhopal Shatabdi that runs with a top speed of 150 km/h.

Prior to the 2014 general election, the two major national parties (BJP and INC) both pledged to introduce high-speed rail. The INC pledged to connect all of India’s million-plus cities by high-speed rail, whereas BJP, which won the election, promised to build the Diamond Quadrilateral project, which would connect via high-speed rail the cities of ChennaiDelhiKolkata, and Mumbai. The project was confirmed as a project of priority for the new government in the President’s speech.

Currently there are no semi high speed rail routes in India. A trial run has been successfully completed on Delhi – Agra section and plans are to start these trains on Delhi – Bhopal / Chandigarh / Kanpur / Lucknow sections after starting on Delhi – Agra section. The Delhi – Agra semi high speed train is expected to start in November 2014. Mumbai Rajdhani Express will be upgraded to 200 kmph. This will reduce 8 hours of traveling time. Railway Minister Mr. Sadanand Gauda mentioned in his Rail budget 2014 speech that the railways are going to start high speed trains at 160-200 kmph on 9 routes.

Semi High-Speed CorridorSpeedTrack gaugeDistance (km)Time reducedOperations per dayStart OperationsStatus
Delhi – Agra160 kmphBroad Gauge19530 minNovember 2014Successful trial run in July 2014. This service may start operations from November 2014.
Chennai –Hyderabad160 kmphBroad Gauge915Approved in 2014 Railway Budget
Delhi – Chandigarh160 kmphBroad Gauge244Approved in 2014 Railway Budget
Delhi – Kanpur160 kmphBroad Gauge441Approved in 2014 Railway Budget
Mumbai –Ahmedabad160 kmphBroad Gauge493Approved in 2014 Railway Budget
Mumbai – Goa160 kmphBroad Gauge1230Approved in 2014 Railway Budget
Mysore – Bangalore– Chennai160 kmphBroad Gauge495Approved in 2014 Railway Budget
Nagpur –Raipur –Bilaspur160 kmphBroad Gauge413Approved in 2014 Railway Budget
Nagpur –Secunderabad160 kmphBroad Gauge575Approved in 2014 Railway Budget

 High Speed Rail Projects

In India, trains in the future with top speeds of 300–350 km/h, are envisaged to run on elevated corridors to isolate high-speed train tracks and thereby prevent trespassing by animals and people.

The current conventional lines between Amritsar-New Delhi, and Ahmedabad-Mumbai runs through suburban and rural areas, which are flat and have no tunnels. Ahmedabad-Mumbai line runs near the coast therefore have more bridges, and parts of it are in backwaters or forest. The 1987 RDSO/JICA feasibility study found the Mumbai-Ahmedabad line as most promising.

Maharashtra state government has proposed a link between Mumbai and Nagpur. The government also wants a corridor to connect toNavi Mumbai International Airport.

High-Speed CorridorRouteTrack gaugeStationsSpeedLength (km)Further ExtensionStatus
Diamond QuadrilateralDelhi – Mumbai – Chennai – Kolkata – Delhi1676TBA250 – 3506,500 – 7,000No ExtensionApproved in Rail budget 2014
East India
Howrah – Haldia High-Speed Passenger CorridorHowrahHaldia1676TBD250-300135TBDApproved by Planning Commission & PMO
North India
Delhi – Kolkata High-Speed Passenger CorridorDelhiAgraKanpurLucknowVaranasiPatnaKolkata1676TBD200 – 350991HowrahApproved by Planning Commission & PMO
Delhi – Amritsar High-Speed Passenger CorridorDelhiChandigarhAmritsar1676TBD450TBDApproved by Planning Commission & PMO
Delhi – Jodhpur High-Speed Passenger CorridorDelhiJaipurAjmerJodhpur1676TBD591TBDProposed
West India
Ahmedabad – Dwarka High-Speed Passenger CorridorAhmedabad – Rajkot – Jamnagar – Dwarka1676TBDTBD
Mumbai/Navi Mumbai – Nagpur High-Speed Passenger CorridorMumbai/Navi Mumbai – Nashik – Akola – Nagpur1676TBATBAProposed
Mumbai–Ahmedabad high-speed passenger corridorMumbaiAhmedabad167611320534Approved by Planning Commission & PMO
Rajkot – Veraval High-Speed Passenger CorridorRajkot – Junagadh – Veraval1676TBD350TBD
South India
Hyderabad – Chennai High-Speed Passenger CorridorHyderabadKazipetDornakalVijayawadaChennai1676TBD664Howrah via VisakhapatnamApproved by Planning Commission & PMO
Chennai – Thiruvananthapuram High-Speed Passenger CorridorChennaiBangalore– Coimbatore – Ernakulam –ThiruvananthapuramTBD350850Approved by Planning Commission & PMO
Thiruvananthapuram – Mangalore High-Speed Passenger CorridorThiruvananthapuram – Mangalore14359300585UdupiScrapped by Kerala State Government
Bangalore – Mysore High-Speed Passenger Corridor[34]Bangalore – MysoreTBD350110Not plannedApproved in Rail budget 2014